Anna’s Boys

Skolfield Doyle header and footer 2014

In the woods at the edge of a gully just off Middle Bay Road, two grave markers rest on the ground. The slate headstone and its matching footer have weathered 150 years of rain, snow, and falling trees, making the names and dates inscribed thereon difficult to read. Fortunately, others have transcribed them for us. The tombstone reads:

        John Doyle                                                 Hiram Skolfield
DIED                                                              DIED
Apr. 7, 1839                                                    Oct. 3, 1851
Ae 25 yrs. 2 mos.                                            Ae 29 yrs. 4 mos.

Who were these two young men who died before the Civil War, some 12 years apart? Why are their names on one tombstone? We know they aren’t father and son because they were born only 8 years apart, John in 1814 and Hiram in 1832. If not father and son, then, were they cousins?

Doyle Skolfield Tombstone

The epitaph at the bottom of the tombstone gives us a clue as to their relationship:

Parent thy sons still live
Thy sons shall rise again but lade
Earth’s fairest flowers
In Heaven more pure to bloom.

John Doyle (Jr) and Hiram Skolfield had a parent in common, Anna (Skolfield) Doyle Skolfield. Half-brothers John and Hiram share a story told in the numbers describing relationships, ages, and dates.

In 1807 Anna Skolfield married John Doyle. After only 6 years of marriage, John died at age 29. In that year of 1813, 28-year-old Anna had a toddler at home named Randall, and was pregnant with John (Jr).

Clement Skolfield declared lost at sea May 9, 1825

Clement Skolfield declared lost at sea May 9, 1825

Five years later, she married her cousin, Clement Skolfield of Harpswell. He was 19 years old, Anna was 32. They had 2 children, Sarah and Hiram. Sadly, Anna’s second marriage mirrored her first: Clement died at sea in 1825 at age 28, after only 7 years of marriage. Both of her husbands died before they reached 30. Anna never celebrated the milestone 10-year wedding anniversary.

Anna never remarried. She raised her children, Randall and John Doyle, and Sarah and Hiram Skolfield, on the Middle Bay farm that had belonged to her father. John, as we know from his tombstone, died at age 25. His half-brother, Hiram, a shoemaker, died 12 years later at age 29. They were both buried in the family burying ground on the Middle Bay farm.

Anna’s remaining children, Randall Doyle and Sarah Skolfield, each married. Randall, a farmer and mariner, bought the Middle Bay homestead from his mother in 1839, the same year his brother, John, died.

Randall Doyle to George Woodward 1872

When Randall eventually sold the farm and moved to Diamond Island at Portland, he didn’t abandon his brothers. The deed excluded the graveyard from the sale and also provided the family future access to the site. Randall broke the seeming curse of early death for, unlike his father, stepfather, brother, and half-brother, Randall Doyle lived well past his twenties, to age 68. And Anna lived to the ripe old age of 81.

Next Blog: Then suddenly she called out, ‘Here it is'”: Finding Skolfield-Doyle Cemetery

Skolfield and Doyle Genealogy Notes:

  • Anna (Skolfield) Doyle Skolfield (1786-1867) was the daughter of Stephen and Margaret (Knowles) Skolfield. Her first husband, John Doyle (1784-1813), was the son of Jotham and Huldah (Randall) Doyle. They had three children, Randall (1810-1878), Margaret (unknown), and John (1814-1839).
  • Clement Skolfield (1797-1825), was the son of William and (unknown) Skolfield. He and Anna had two children, Sarah (Skolfield) Robbins (1819-after 1850) and Hiram (1822-1951).
  • Thomas and Mary (Orr) Skolfield: Both Anna and Clement were the grandchildren of the first Skolfields to settle in the Brunswick/Harpswell area, Thomas (1707-1796) and Mary (Orr) Skolfield (1714-1771).


  • Various including City Directories, Family Trees, United States Federal and State Censuses, Vital Records (Birth, Death, and Marriage)
  • Cemeteries of Brunswick, Maine
  • Cumberland County Registry of Deeds. 25 Pearl St., Portland, Maine (also see
  • Letters to Esther Skolfield Schmidt from Eleanor Means, Pejepscot Historical Society Collections. Pejepscot Museum and Research Center, Pejepscot Historical Society, 159 Park Row, Brunswick, Maine
  • History of Brunswick, Topsham, and Harpswell, Maine. Wheeler, George Augustus Wheeler, MD. And Henry Warren Wheeler, Alfred Mudge & Son, Printers, Boston, Mass., 1878
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Jotham Varney, Father

Varney MonumentWhat kind of man was Jotham Varney, the father of Viola (Varney) Phipps and Laura (Varney) Strout, two independent 19th century women described in a previous blog, The Unvarnished Truth About the Varney Sisters)? You be the judge.

Jotham Varney (1803-1879) was the son of Estes (1768-1828) And Elizabeth (Sargent) Varney (1770-1845). He grew up in the western part of Brunswick, near Durham, in a rural community among his siblings, cousins, aunts, and uncles. Some of his relatives and neighbors were Quakers (Society of Friends) who would have modeled the Quaker tradition of equality for women.

In 1828, Jotham left his parents’ home for his own west Brunswick farm on River Rd. He soon married Mary Jane Robertson (1807-1894). Though their first child, John (1831-1833), died in infancy, they had 4 more children, Lincoln (1833-1908), Edwin (1836-1909), Violet (1840-1913), and Laura (1845-1893).

Photo of Jotham Varney's Shoe Peg Sharpener Shoe pegs were used to bond the last and sole of a shoe.  Courtesy of Pejepscot Historical Society

Photo of Jotham Varney’s Shoe Peg Sharpener
Shoe pegs were used to bond the last and sole of a shoe.
Courtesy of Pejepscot Historical Society

Jotham was both a farmer and a cooper. Coopers manufactured tubs, barrels, and pails, from wood and metal. Before the invention of airtight plastic containers and refrigerators, liquids and foodstuffs were shipped and stored in these handmade casks. Jotham seems to have been a master at his craft: his descendants still own a tub and pail he made.

He was interested in learning about the world around him and became a member of the Nucleus Club of Brunswick and Topsham, which was devoted to the ”improvement of the mind and the cultivation of social dispositions and for moral and scientific attainments.” Members included Bowdoin College professors, farmers, attorneys, and businessmen. The club maintained a lending library and held talks on subjects ranging from Literature and Belles Lettres to Electricity and Magnetism.

Left: Jotham Varney, 206-200 Maine St. Right: Isaac Varney, corner Maine and Elm Sts.

Left: Jotham Varney, 206-200 Maine St.
Right: Isaac Varney, corner Maine and Elm Sts.

By the late 1830s, Jotham and his brother Isaac, also a cooper, had purchased side-by-side properties on Maine St. and Jotham had bought more farmland in west Brunswick.

In 1849, Gold Rush Fever arrived here from the West Coast. Jotham and 8 other men formed the Brunswick Company to mine gold in California. In October of that year, at age 46, he left wife Mary in charge of their properties and their four children while he and the rest of the company set sail. Thinking ahead, they brought a load of Maine lumber to sell. Unfortunately, their ship was delayed rounding Cape Horn. When the America finally docked at San Francisco at the end of May in 1850, they found that west coast lumber prices had dropped considerably in the 6 months they had been at sea. Jotham wondered if the trip had been a fool’s errand, though he took comfort in the thought that he certainly wasn’t the only fool to make the journey.

Gold Miners, ca 1849. 1999.After three weeks of digging for gold, Jotham had little to show for his efforts. Expenses continued to mount so he looked for employment elsewhere. Finding none, he rented an empty lot in Sacramento and built a cooperage. He kept expenses down by living and working in the shop. By October, 1850, one year after leaving the port of Bath, Maine, Jotham had two journeymen working for him, making five- and ten-gallon kegs to carry molasses and liquor by pack mule to the mines. But here, too, Jotham felt he had arrived too late to make his fortune. The kegs he was selling for ten dollars would have brought in sixteen dollars apiece the year before.

Wooden Buckets BarrelsIn each letter home, he wrote of his continued good health and of his longing for his wife and daughters. Always he advised his three youngest, Edwin, Viola, and Laura, to continue at school as long as they could and to help their mother. He admonished Edwin to work hard at the farm and not idle with the other boys in town. He wished his eldest son, Lincoln, a painter, had come to California, for he would have been able to do well either at the cooperage or as a sign painter. Jotham sent a gold nugget to each of the children.

When he returned home the following year he continued to buy Brunswick land, eventually owning village properties on Bath, Lincoln, Page, Pine, Pleasant, Maine, School, and Water Streets, as well as rural ones on Old Bath, Old Freeport, and River Roads. The Pine Street property he bought in 1855 would become Varney Cemetery.

As adults each of his children followed his lead and left Maine for a time. Lincoln was in Mobile, Alabama, in 1860. Edwin lived near his Uncle Isaac in Philadelphia a decade later. And both Viola and Laura married Maine men and moved to Massachusetts.

1870 U.S. Federal Census Brunswick, Maine

1870 U.S. Federal Census
Brunswick, Maine

When one of his Maine St. properties was destroyed by fire in 1867, Jotham built a boarding house on the same spot, perhaps inspired by the Boston boarding house owned by daughter Viola. He hired widow Dolly (Dorothy) Strout to manage the boarding house. He kept the business in the family — Dolly was Laura’s mother-in-law.

Jotham Varney Deed ListBy 1870 he owned real estate worth $4000, on par with his physician and merchant neighbors. One quarter of the value was from his 40 acres of improved farmland. Jotham’s real estate dealings spanned 50 years, beginning in 1828 and ending in 1878, one year before his death.

My judgement? Jotham Varney was a loving husband and father, master craftsman, businessman, adventurer, and intellectual who encouraged his children to be kind, industrious, and the best people they could be.

What’s yours?

Next Blog in 2 Weeks: Anna’s Boys


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Humble Pie

It was 9 p.m. on a Saturday night. I had spent the day writing up my research on Jotham Varney, father of the women in my previous blog, The Unvarnished Truth About the Varney Sisters. I felt I was still missing a key piece of information so I went back to Cumberland County’s deed website and refined the parameters of my search.

And just like that, I had my “ah ha!” moment. Unfortunately, this was immediately followed by a stomach-dropping “oh no!” moment.

Screen Shot A Varney DeedsScreen Shot C Varney DeedsAh ha!: In the new search I found Jotham’s father, Estes, and several brothers and cousins. The deeds showed that by the late 1830s Jotham and brother Isaac lived side by side on Maine St. (Later, Varney sister Viola would buy Isaac’s house when he moved to Pennsylvania.) The other Varneys lived in the rural west end of Brunswick, near Durham.

Oh no!: It seemed odd to me that Jotham’s farm was in a different part of town, though it did explain very nicely how Varney Cemetery came to be. I reread the many deeds I had compiled only to discover I had made an error. Jotham Varney bought the land that became Varney Cemetery in 1857, not 1828. His farm was not bordered by Pine and Bath Streets; it was in the west end of Brunswick.

the pear and almond tartSo, I will update the Varney Sisters’ blog, then finish Jotham’s story. But before that, I’ll eat a goodly serving of humble pie.


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The Unvarnished Truth About the Varney Sisters

Varney MonumentViola (Varney) Phipps (1840-1913) and Laura (Varney) Strout (1845-1893) were born at the beginning of the Victorian era, when a middle or upper class woman was expected to stay at home, tending the needs of her husband and children. Viola and Laura, though, chose to live on their own terms.

The daughters of Jotham (1803-1879) and Mary Jane (Robertson) Varney (1807-1894), they had 3 older brothers, John (1831-1833), Lincoln (1833-1908), and Edwin (1836-1909). Their father was a farmer and master cooper who was interested in a wide variety of academic pursuits and probably encouraged his children to develop their own minds, as well.

Viola cropped unmarried Massachusetts, State Census, 1865 for David PhippsThe year the Civil War ended, Viola was 25-years-old and still single. Most women her age were already married and starting families. Viola, though, had moved herself from the family home at 200 Maine St. to the city of Boston. There she purchased a dwelling. But, instead of a small cottage suitable for a woman living alone, she bought a boarding house. Twenty-six men and women rented rooms from her. One of those roomers was David W. Phipps (1837-aft1930), a painter from Plymouth, Maine. On New Year’s Day in 1866, he and Viola married.

At a time when women were encouraged to be meek and mild, Viola seemed to be a leader in her family. When younger sister, Laura, married Horace Strout of Durham (1845-aft1910), the newlyweds followed Viola to Boston. Not long after, Jotham Varney, the women’s father, followed Viola’s lead and built his own boarding house at 206 Maine St.

In 1870 Boston, the Viola Phipps’ household seemed to thrive. David was still a painter; Viola was still “keeping house.” Of course, she wasn’t “keeping house” for just the two of them. A grandniece wrote, “Vi let out apartments in Boston and got good money.” Indeed she did. Census records listed the value of David’s real estate as $600. Viola’s personal estate (everything other than real estate) was more than triple that, at $2000. Clearly, Viola was an astute businesswoman.

206 Maine, 200 Maine, Corner Maine & Elm

206 Maine, 200 Maine, Corner Maine & Elm

Another family member wrote, “Violet [sic] couldn’t stand Boston…” and David “…hated Brunswick so they parted.” Either separated or divorced, Viola returned to Brunswick in 1879, the year her father died, and bought the property on the corner of Maine and Elm Sts. next to her parents.

Laura once again followed her sister. By 1880 Laura and her 10-year-old son, Leon, had left Massachusetts and returned to the Varney family home in Brunswick, next door to Viola. The Strouts divorced two years later with Leon remaining in his mother’s custody. Horace had already moved on — 10 years later he lived in New York with his second wife (from Maine), their 11-year-old son, and 7-year-old daughter. After Laura’s divorce, the two sisters shared a once-in-a-lifetime European tour, paid for by Viola. After their return, Laura moved to Waltham, Mass., where her son was an up-and-coming photographer. She supported herself by working in a shoe shop and died in Waltham at the relatively young age of 48, from carcinoma. She had divorced a husband when that wasn’t the done thing, then supported herself and her son in a manner than allowed him to achieve acclaim in his chosen field of photography.

For nearly 50 years Viola astutely managed properties that she purchased or inherited, either selling or renting them as she saw fit. She outlived her parents and all her siblings. When she died in 1913 at age 73, her will distributed her considerable assets as she directed. She left her only nephew, Leon, the use of 200 Maine St. She also endowed the Mary J. Varney Fund, in honor of her mother, to support the Pejepscot Historical Society.

Varney Cemetery Scenic 2013Today her most visible legacy is Varney Cemetery on Pine St., the family’s privately owned cemetery. Viola’s last act was to leave the cemetery in the trust of the lot holders for use by the people of Brunswick.

Though we think of the Victorian era as a time when women had little power over their own lives, Viola and Laura worked, married and divorced, traveled, and conducted business. They led the way into the modern era.

And that is the unvarnished truth about the Varney sisters.


  • David Phipps married a second time, to another Maine woman, in 1890 and lived in Seattle, Washington, until at least 1930.
  • Leon B. Strout was a noted landscape photographer whose are in the George J. Mitchell Department of Special Collections & Archives at Bowdoin College in Brunswick, Maine. After WWI he completed assignments in France for the U.S. government.


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Rock, Paper, Scissors: How I dug up 2 great-grandparents


In my last blog, The Catholics Behind the Baptist Church, I gave one explanation as to how my husband Marty’s French Canadian great-grandparents, Charles and Adeline Desmarais, came to be buried in Brunswick’s Growstown Cemetery. Though the story was short, only 250 words and 4 citations, it was just one stop on a meandering fourteen-year journey in search of Desmarais ancestors and where they came from.

It all started in 2001 when Bernice (Simpson) Douglas (1908-2012) gave me a binder stuffed with old cemetery transcriptions typed up by her cousin-in-law, Beatrice (Leighton) Simpson (1912-2009). Beatrice had also added genealogical notes.

Baby Erving GrowstownI promised to posts the transcriptions to my fledgling website Cemeteries of Brunswick, Maine so other genealogists could find and use the information. One of the Growstown Cemetery transcriptions caught my eye:  Baby H. Erving Demaris d. 6-30-1903, (w. died 1933, not buried here).


Since “Desmarais” in any form is rare in the Brunswick area, I headed out to the cemetery behind the Baptist church on Church Rd. to find Baby Demaris. Eventually I came upon the monument bearing the names of Charles B. (1841-1910) and Adeline L. Desmarais (1845-1933), along Sarah Z. Paul (1870-1931), Margaret Desmarais (1868-1952), and Rose E. Perron (1872-1956). I was confident I had found members of my husband’s family, especially since the surname on the stone was “Desmarais” instead of the transcribed “Demaris.” I copied down all the names and dates and brought them home to show my husband.

Desmarais Monument GrowstownOf course, Marty and I both wanted more details so I took the information to Curtis Memorial Library in search of obituaries. I scrolled through Brunswick Record microfilms and found an entry for Charles, but not for the others. The obituary confirmed that Charles and Adeline were Marty’s great-grandparents, and that H. Erving was his great-uncle and the women his great-aunts. I entered all the information from the tombstone and obituary onto a family group sheet and filed it all away.

Over the years, every once in a while I entered Charles and Adeline’s names in or, hoping to find where they came from and who their parents were. I found the couple and their children in Brunswick’s 1880 and 1900 United States Federal Censuses, but not the 1910. I didn’t find them in naturalization or border crossing records, either.

I couldn’t seem to go back any further than Charles and Adeline but I knew they had owned property in Brunswick, so several years ago I went to the Cumberland County Court House in Portland to find their deeds. Since Charles had a son by the same name, I only searched through 1910 (the year Charles Sr. died) and earlier. I found the deed to the family farm on Highland Rd. and a property on Cushing St.

This fall, now having online access to Cumberland County deeds, I searched again from my own computer at home, finding additional entries under Demarais and Demaris. Most notable of these was the 1910 deed for the Pleasant Park property naming Adeline Demarais of Lynn, Massachusetts.

Adeline to Maggie Deed blogAdeline Demarais of Lynn, Mass? This new information sent me in two different directions: back to Charles’s obituary, then back through the Desmarais part of the Pleasant Park deed chain.


I figuratively cut apart the obituary to research each person named in it. Since five of his children had apparently moved to Massachusetts, three of them to Lynn, I used that information in the search fields at Eventually I found Adeline and daughters Annie (Anne), Maggie (Margaret), and Sadie (Sarah) in directories, censuses, or marriage records.

Charles Sr Obit 1910The Growstown note, “w[ife] died 1933, not buried here” must have referred to Adeline, who was memorialized on the Brunswick tombstone but probably buried in Massachusetts. I haven’t yet located Adeline’s death certificate which might name her parents and where they lived.

I was able to locate Charles’s death certificate, though, which lists Charles’s birthplace as Annersville, Canada. It also lists his parents’ countries of birth, Canada for his father and France for his mother. I searched unsuccessfully for Annersville in lists of Canadian towns.

cropped Charles B F Desmarais Maine, Death Records, 1617-1922 for Charles B F DesmaraisNext I backtracked to the deeds. Looking forward in time in the Pleasant Park deeds, I found one in which Maggie stated her father’s name had been previously misspelled “DeMurry.” Eureka!

MaggieDesmaraisPleasantParkDeedDemurryI once again repeated all my past online research, using the name Charles DeMurray, DeMerey, DeMarey and other phonic variations of our name. I found deeds, directory listings, and the big prize — Charles’s U.S. Naturalization card.

Charles DeMerey UWhat made the naturalization record the big prize was its birthplace listing. Charles was born just north of the New York/Vermont border in Henryville, Canada. Since H is silent in French, the Desmarais family’s native language, their pronunciation of Henryville sounded like Anner(s)ville to the person taking down information for Charles’ death certificate.

Every time someone misspelled Desmarais or Henryville in a transcription, deed, or other record, they created a roadblock that I had to travel around. Fortunately for me, sometimes things like family names and vital dates really ARE written in stone.

D monument Growstown


Next Blog: The Unvarnished Truth About the Varney Sisters


  • Beatrice (Leighton) Douglas’s transcription collection is available at the Pejepscot Historical Society. “My” binder now resides with a Simpson descendent.
  • Area town directories are available at Pejepscot Historical Society and Curtis Memorial Library.

Sources: (For formal citations, please contact the author.)

  • (Census, birth, marriage, naturalization, and death records; city directories)
  • Brunswick Record, August 26, 1910
  • Cumberland County Register of Deeds, formerly at the County Courthouse at 142 Federal St., now at 25 Pearl St., Portland, Maine and
  • Curtis Memorial Library History Resources
  • Beatrice (Leighton) Douglas Transcription Collection
  • (Census, birth, death, and pension records)












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The Catholics Behind the Baptist Church

When I research my husband’s side of the family, I expect to find their 20th-century graves in Brunswick’s Catholic cemetery, St. John’s. So I was quite surprised to learn that his great-grandparents, Charles and Adeline Desmarais, were buried across town in Growstown Cemetery behind the First Baptist Church.

Frst Baptist Church and Growstown CemeteryThe Desmarais monument there lists: Charles B. Desmarais (1841 – 1910);  his wife Adeline Louise (Benoit), (1845-1933); and their daughters Sarah Z. Paul (1870-19310); Margaret Desmarais (1868-1952); and Rose E. Perron (1872-1956). Charles, Sarah, and Rose also have individual markers, as does the baby who was the first to be buried in the plot, H. Erving (1903).

Desmarais Monument Growstown

Why, I wondered, is this French Canadian Catholic family buried behind a Baptist church? Did they leave the Catholic church and become Baptists? Surely family members would have passed down that story!

Pleasant Park Plan 1933Deeds provided an answer: in 1900 and 1904 Charles purchased a total of eight adjacent lots bordered by LaValley Ave., and Pleasant and Paul Sts. These lots were part of Pleasant Park, a development first proposed in 1898, before Paul St. had a name and when Church Rd. was still called Growstown Rd.

Those road names tell the rest of the story. Though behind a Baptist church, the cemetery functioned as the Growstown neighborhood’s burying place. When baby H. Erving died, Charles and Adeline most likely chose Growstown Cemetery for his burial because it was in their own neighborhood, close to their property on Pleasant St.

Brunswick Ford Nov 10 2014If you’re curious, it’s easy to find the Desmarais’s former land. We now know it as Brunswick Ford.

Next Blog: ROCK, PAPER, SCISSORS: How I dug up two great-grandparents.


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What Happened to Charles and Grace After Pine View Farm?

Charles & Grace Jordan with Bonnie-Bell at Pine View Farm

Charles & Grace Jordan with Bonnie-Bell at Pine View Farm

In 1943, 1956, and 1957 the United States of America bought Pine View Farm a piece at a time, until it was gone, having become part of the Naval Air Station Brunswick. My great aunt, Grace Purinton, received a total of $12,225 for the family homestead.

3 Wilson Ave, Brunswick, ME

3 Wilson Ave, Brunswick, ME

With part of the funds, she and her husband, Charles, bought the house at 5 Wilson Ave., geographically a straight shot down Old Gurnet Rd. from their former farm, but in reality, a world away. To visit friends in the old neighborhood or place flowers at New Meadows Cemetery, they now had to drive all the way around the Naval Air Station.

Grace Jordan, wife of Charles Jordan

Grace Jordan, wife of Charles Jordan

This inconvenience was short-lived, however. Grace had developed diabetes. In the summer of 1958, after losing a leg to the disease, she died at age 69. In short order, Charles sold the Wilson Ave. cape and moved to his son Robert’s home in Portland where he died in 1960 at age 90. The couple’s obituaries seem to reflect their widely different personalities, with Grace’s detailing her social activities and Charles’s sticking to the barest facts.

Charles and Grace obitsSo ends the saga of Pine View Farm, Grace (Purinton) Jordan (1889-1958), and Charles M. Jordan (1879-1960).


  • Pine View Farm tells the story of the Purinton family homestead at New Meadows, Brunswick, being taken as part of Naval Air Station Brunswick.
  • Great Island Road, Merriconeag Road, and Old Gurnet Road are essentially one and the same as used in this blog post.


  • 2003 Community Information Guide (Map of Brunswick, Maine), CMC Communications, In. Birdsboro, Pa., 2003
  • Brunswick, Maine City Directory 1957,
  • Brunswick Record, July 10, 1958
  • Brunswick, Bowdoin, Bowdoinham, Harpswell, Topsham Directory 1957-’58, The Price & Lee Co., New Haven, Conn. 1958
  • Cumberland County Registry of Deeds,
  • Map of the Town of Brunswick, Drawn and Prepared by H. E. Mitchell, The Mitchell Publishing Co., Augusta, Maine, 1910
  • Joan (Moreau) Purinton, interview 2014
  • Portland Press Herald Thursday, January 14, 1960
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